World Tuberculosis Day

World Tuberculosis Day

Recently, on the occasion of World Tuberculosis Day on 24 March, “India TB Report 2022” was released. The theme of this report is- “Coming together to end TB together” (Coming together to end TB completely).

The National TB Prevalence Survey report was also released on this occasion.

Key findings of the India TB Report 2022:

  • In the year 2021, the number of TB patients has registered an increase of 19% as compared to the previous year.
  • The vision of the National Strategic Plan for Elimination of Tuberculosis (NSP 2017- 25) has reached the state and district level. A total of 18 states have committed to eradicate tuberculosis by the year 2025.
  • In India, childhood tuberculosis (TB in children) remains a serious problem. It contributes about 31% to the burden of tuberculosis globally.
  • India has recorded an 11% increase in mortality due to all forms of TB between 2019 and 2020.

Have a look at the key findings of the The National TB Prevalence Survey of India:

  • According to this survey, the majority of the population (643) with early symptoms of symptomatic TB did not seek health services.
  • People of all ages in India have TB. The prevalence of all forms of HIV for the year 2021 was 312 for every one lakh population.
  • On this occasion, the government also launched a program called “Dare to Eradicate TB”.
  • Under this, a “Genome Sequencing Consortium” will be formed for surveillance of TB with the help of Indian data and on the basis of Whole Genome Sequencing.

Tuberculosis (TB)

  • TB is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium most often affects the lungs of an infected person.
  • It is an infectious disease, which is transmitted from person to person through the air.

India’s vision to end TB:

The target has been set to completely eliminate TB from India by the year 2025. This is a commitment five years ahead of the 2030 global target set by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Steps taken by the government to eradicate TB:

  • The National Strategic Plan 2017-2025 for the Elimination of Tuberculosis has been announced.
  • The National Tuberculosis Elimination Program (NTEP) is being run as a centrally sponsored scheme.
  • A campaign named “TB Harega, Desh Jeetega” is being run.

Source – The Hindu

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