World Social Report 2023: Leaving No One Behind In an Aging World, Report
Recently “World Social Report 2023: Leaving No One Behind in an Aging World” has been released.
- It is a flagship report published by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat.
- This report has been prepared on the framework of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging (MIPAA).
- This report explores the socio-economic opportunities and challenges that arise from the aging population.
Key findings of report-
- The population of persons aged 65 and above is expected to double in the next three decades. It will exceed 1.6 billion in the year 2050.
- This would be more than 16% of the global population.
- The fastest growing population is expected to occur in North Africa, Western Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
- Poverty levels in old age are generally higher among women. This is because of low levels of participation in formal labor markets, limited opportunities to work, and lower wages than men.
Key recommendations of the report-
- Labor market participation should be increased and productivity should be increased. At the same time, good health should be maintained and lifelong poverty of the people should be redressed.
- Policies should be made to reduce inequalities. In addition, economic security in old age should be promoted in financially sustainable ways.
Other Global Initiatives Related to Older Persons-
- United Nations Principles on Older Persons, 1991 have been adopted.
- The United Nations has declared 2021 – 2030 as the Decade of Healthy Aging.
- Articles 38(1), 39(e), 41 and 46 of the Constitution of India direct the State to make provisions for public assistance in old age.
- The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 has been implemented.
Schemes of Government of India –
- Atal Vayo Abhyudaya Yojana, National Old Age Health Care Program, Pradhan Mantri Vay Vandana Yojana etc.
- India is a signatory to various International Conventions on Aging like – MIPPA, United Nations Decade of Healthy Aging etc.
Source – The Hindu