World Population Prospects 2022 report released
Recently the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) has released the World Population Prospects 2022 Report.
This report provides data and analysis on the decrease or increase in the global population. In addition, it also provides a framework on population development with respect to all countries and regions of the world.
Key Findings of report
- The world population will be 8 billion this year.
- The population is growing at the slowest pace since 1950.
- The world population growth rate in the year 2020 has been less than 1%.
- Two-thirds of the world’s population lives in a country or region where women’s lifetime fertility is less than 2.1 births per woman.
- According to the National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5) conducted in the year 2019-21, the total fertility rate of India is 2.0.
- By the year 2050, more than half the increase in the global population will be seen in eight countries. These countries are Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines and Tanzania.
- The share of people 65 years of age or older in the global population will be 10% in the year 2022. This will increase to 16% in the year 2050.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic: Global life expectancy at birth has come down to 71 years in 2021. It was 72.9 years in the year 2019.
India’s findings in the report
- In 2023, India will overtake China to become the most populous country in the world. India will remain the most populous country by 2100.
- The population of India as of 1 July 2022 was 1.4 billion.
- India’s share in the global population has decreased marginally in the year 2022.
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA)
- It is based on the United Nations Charter. It is guided by the Transformative 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It maintains the development pillar of the United Nations.
- It helps countries around the world to meet their economic, social and environmental goals. For this it works closely with governments and stakeholders.
It also publishes other reports: World Youth Report, World Social Report, World Economic Situation and Prospects Report etc.
Source – The Hindu