World Meteorological Day 2022
‘World Meteorological Day’ was organized in New Delhi on 20 May.
The event ‘World Meteorological Day’ has been organized by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) – National Physical Laboratory, in collaboration with Metrology Society of India (MSI).
Highlights of World Meteorological Day
- World Meteorological Day is celebrated to commemorate the anniversary of the signing of the Meter Convention in 1875.
- This treaty provides the basis for a worldwide consistent measurement system.
- World Meteorological Day is celebrated to recognize the contribution of all those who work in inter-governmental and national metrology organizations and institutions throughout the year.
- This year its theme is “Metrology in the Digital Era”. This topic has been chosen because. Digital technology is revolutionizing our community, and is one of the most exciting trends of the day. The theme was announced jointly by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) and the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML).
International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM):
- The signing of the Meter Convention in the year 1875 created the BIPM, and formalized international cooperation in metrology for the first time.
- The convention laid the foundation for the worldwide uniformity of measure establishing the BIPM.
- BIPM is the center of a worldwide network of National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) that continue to experience and disseminate a range of traceability to the International System of Units (SI) across nationally accredited laboratories and industries.
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML):
- The International Organization of Legal Metrology is an intergovernmental organization created in 1955 to promote global harmonization of legal metrology practices. It facilitates international trade.
- In 1955, OMIL was established with the Bureau International de Metrologie Legale (BIML) as an intergovernmental treaty organization to promote global harmonization of legal meteorological practices.
- OIML has developed a worldwide technical infrastructure whose primary objective is to harmonize regulations and metrological controls enforced by national metrological services or related organizations.
CSIR –National Physical Laboratory
- CSIR-National Physical Laboratory (NPL-India) established by an Act of Parliament as the “National Institute of Metrology” (NMI) of India with the responsibility of measurement-standards for the needs of the country, the custodian of “National Standards”. Is.
- It maintains the SI units in India and calibrates the national standards of weight and measurement.
Source – The Hindu