Wetlands International (WI) Report
According to a report by Wetlands International (WI), 2 out of 5 wetlands in India have disappeared in the last three decades.
Wetlands International is a non-governmental global organization. It’s headquarter is in the Netherlands.
Key findings of this study conducted by Wetlands International:
- 40% of the water has lost the quality necessary for the survival of toxic animals.
- National lands are getting depleted due to large scale infrastructure development, expansion of housing schemes, excessive drainage without taking alternative measures.
- The showy are the fuzzy lands (transitional lands) between the terrestrial and the terrestrial. Their water level is usually at or close to the surface, or the land preference is better than the water.
- The Ramsar Convention on National Land was adopted in the year 1971. India is a signatory country to this convention.
- The Convention provides a framework for the ownership and conservation and judicious use of its resources.
- There are about 2.2 lakh large bolls in India, out of which 75 are included in the owned Ramsar Establishment site.
- Tamil Nadu (14) has the highest number of raw land in India. It is followed by Uttar Pradesh (10).
- It may be noted that the Wuhan Declaration was adopted at the Conference of the Parties (COP14) that signed the Ramsar Convention.
It called for the following:
- Practical action must be taken to conserve, restore and manage wetlands around the world, as well as to promote their judicious and sustainable use.
- Under this, a commitment has been expressed to mobilize additional resources to better implement the strategic plan of the Convention and to take more effective action by the year 2030.
Source – The Hindu