Violation of Russian waters by a British warship in the Black Sea
Recently Russia has accused Britain of violating its territorial waters in the Black Sea by a British warship. However, this area is known as the border of Ukraine by Britain and most of the countries of the world.
It should be noted that due to the annexation of Crimea peninsula by Russia from Ukraine in 2014, Russia considers the areas around the coast of this occupied region as its territorial waters.
The Black Sea is an inland sea located in far-southeast Europe and the far-western edge of the continents of Asia and the central part of the country of Turkey. Romania, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Russia, Georgia and Turkey share their borders with this sea.
Location of the black sea
It connects to the Mediterranean Sea, first through the Bosporus Strait, then through the Marmara Sea and the Dardanelles Strait. It is bordered by the Aegean Sea and the Crete Sea in the south. The Black Sea is also connected to the Azov Sea by the Kerch Strait.
Black Sea – Anoxic water
- There is a severe lack of oxygen in the waters of the Black Sea and its waters are in a more severe state of hypoxia.
- Anoxic waters are those areas of sea water, fresh water or groundwater, where there is a decrease in the amount of dissolved oxygen.
- This condition is usually found in the area where water exchange with the surrounding water bodies is less or completely restricted.
- The Black Sea is the largest water body with a meromictic basin, which means that the movement of water between the lower and upper layers of the ocean is a rare phenomenon.
- Anoxic conditions are also caused by the presence of the process of eutrophication in the ocean.
International rules of passage
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982 is an international law on maritime transport that allows a ship to pass through the territorial waters of another state, so long as it does not affect its security.
Source – The Hindu