Vijayanagar becomes the 31st District of Karnataka
The Government of Karnataka has recently notified that, Vijayanagar has officially become the 31st district of Karnataka. It is headquartered in Hospet.
- Vijayanagar is located in the Hyderabad-Karnataka region.
- The district is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, where Hampi and Virupaksha temples are located.
- The Vijayanagara district is named after the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.
- This district was established according to the Karnataka Land Revenue Act, 1964, by separating it from the ore-rich Bellary district.
- The district will consist of six talukas, which are Hosapet, Kotturu, Kudligi, Hagirbomanahalli, Happanahalli and HovinaHadagali.
The plan to make a new district was severely criticized.Furthermore, the move was criticized because the division of Bellary district to create a new district could lead to linguistic disputes between Telugu-speaking people and Kannada-speaking people.
It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located in east-central Karnataka. This place is a pilgrimage center of Hinduism. Hampi region used to be the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century. Hampi-Vijayanagar was the second largest medieval era city in the world after Beijing.
At the time of Karnat dynasty and Portuguese it was also known as Bisnagar. It was located in the Deccan (Deccan) region of India. It was founded in 1336 by HariharRai and BukkaRai, two brothers of the Sangma dynasty, who were members of the Gopalak community and claimed to be from the Yadav dynasty.
Art of Vijayanagara Empire:
- The Vijayanagara rulers placed great scholars and poets in their court.This led to unprecedented progress in the field of literature during this period.
- King Krishnadeva Raya was a great scholar, musician and poet.He authored a book called ‘Amuktamalyada’ in Telugu and ‘JambavatiKalyanam’ in Sanskrit.
- KaviPadan of his court wrote the books ‘Manucharitra’ and ‘HarikathaSharanam’.The famous commentator of the Vedas, ‘Sayan’ and his brother ‘Madhava’, belong to the early period of the rule of Vijayanagara.Sayan composedteekason the four Vedas and promoted Vedic culture.
- The ‘Lepakshi style’ developed in the field of painting and ‘Yakshagana’ in the field of plays. The subjects of Lepakshi style are related to Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Source – The Hindu