Victory Day Program concluded

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Victory Day program concluded 

  • 16 December is celebrated every year as Vijay Diwas in India, it marks the victory of India over Pakistan in the 1971 war.
  • Bangladesh became independent from Pakistan through this war and Pakistani army had to surrender unconditionally to India.
  • 2500-3843 soldiers of India were martyred in this war. On the other hand, about 9000 soldiers of Pakistan were killed in this war.
  • Amar Jawan Jyoti was built near India Gate in New Delhi in honor of the brave soldiers who died in the 1971 war. It was inaugurated on January 26, 1972 by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

Victory Day Program concluded

Background

  • The new country of Pakistan came into existence in 1947 by the partition of India, a significant part of Pakistan was “East Pakistan” (present-day Bangladesh).
  • East Pakistan was geographically far away from Pakistan, besides it was linguistically and culturally very different from Pakistan. Therefore, over time, the demand for independence started rising in East Pakistan.

1971 war

  • The 1971 war between India and Pakistan was fought on two fronts (Eastern and Western). This war started on December 3,
  • This war was fought for 13 Pakistan was defeated in this war.
  • As a result of which Pakistan’s Lieutenant General A.A. Of. Niazi had to sign the surrender letter on December 16, 1971, along with 93,000 Pakistani soldiers.
  • With this war, East Pakistan got independence and it became a new nation in the form of Bangladesh. That’s why Bangladesh celebrates Independence Day (Victory Day) on 16 December every year.

Source – PIB

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