Recently, five permanent member countries of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) have resolved to avoid nuclear war.
- In a joint statement, the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) have resolved to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons in the future and to avert nuclear war. The UK, China, France, Russia and the US are permanent members of the UNSC.
- These countries have also emphasized the importance of protecting and complying with bilateral and multilateral non-proliferation, disarmament and arms control agreements and commitments.
- This joint statement comes ahead of the (now postponed) five-year review conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). The NPT came into force in the year 1970.
It has the following objectives:
- Disrupting the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology
- Promoting the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
- Advancement of the goal of disarmament.
India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea are not part of the NPT.
Other multilateral treaties to deter nuclear proliferation and promote progress in nuclear disarmament:
- Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTET) – Prohibits nuclear weapons testing in the atmosphere, in outer space, and underwater. India has ratified it.
- Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty: CTET – Bans all nuclear weapons test explosions. It was signed in the year 1996, but it has not been implemented yet.
- The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) prohibits participation in any nuclear weapons activity. India is not a part of TPNW.
Source – The Hindu