United Nation Peacekeepers Face Greater Threats from Complex Conflicts
According to a recently released report, it is known that more than 87,000 United Nation Peacekeepers face greater threats from complex conflicts.
The head of UN peacekeeping, Jean-Pierrelacroix, has said that UN peacekeeping missions are facing more threats today than they were two or three years ago.
The challenges currently facing peacekeeping forces in resolving conflicts include:
- Conflicts are driven by many factors. These include ethnic tensions, the impact of organized crime on illegal exploitation of resources and terrorism.
- Conflicts are multi-level i.e. not only local and national, but also regional and global. For example, increasing terrorist activities in the poor Sahel region of Africa.
- Presence of conflict escalating means including the effects of digital technologies, fake news and misinformation and rapid use of sophisticated tools.
- The political and security environment is distorted.
Necessary measures to make UN peacekeeping more effective:
- Providing better medical aid and equipment (especially more helicopters) to make peacekeepers more agile, proactive and reactive.
- Increasing the number of women in peace operations means the participation of more women in the peacekeeping process means more effective peacekeeping.
- Digital transformation of peacekeeping, which will enable better communication and help combat misinformation. It will also help in better collection and processing of information.
About UN Peacekeeping:
- Peacekeeping derives its mandate from the United Nations Security Council.
- Troops and police are supplied by member countries.
- These campaigns are guided by three basic principles, namely: consent of the parties; impartiality and self-defense and not to use force other than the defense of the mandate.
Source – The Hindu