U.S. and “NATO” member countries decided to exit Afghanistan

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U.S. and “NATO” member countries decided to exit Afghanistan

NATO has announced that foreign forces under NATO command will return with the US by September 11, 2021. After the withdrawal, they aim to rely on Afghan military and police forces, which they have developed by financing billions of dollars to maintain security.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

  • NATO was established on April 4, 1949 by 12 founding members in Washington, USA. It is an inter-governmental military organization.
  • It is headquartered in Brussels, the capital of Belgium. At present, the total number of its member countries is 30. It is a military alliance between the countries of Europe and North America.
  • At the time of the establishment of NATO, its main objective was to stop the spread of communist ideology of Soviet Union in Western Europe.
  • This organization develops and discovers new capabilities and technologies to deal with the problem of terrorism as well as manage the consequences of a terrorist attack.
  • NATO makes diplomatic efforts to resolve disputes and problems in a peaceful manner, but if these efforts fail, it also has to use military power for such crisis management tasks.
  • Member countries of NATO: Albania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, USA, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, France, Latvia, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Romania, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom, Poland, Germany , Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey and Montenegro.

Historical background of NATO:

Due to the blockade of Berlin by the Soviet Union in the year 1948, Western European capitalist countries feared the spread of communist ideology, so for the protection of Western European countries, an organization called NATO was formed under American leadership. In response to NATO, the Soviet Union signed the “Warsaw Pact”. This whole development gave a boost to armaments, due to which the relations between the US and the Soviet Union became tenser.

स्रोत – द हिन्दू

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