The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021 : FAO
It is jointly funded by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (AED), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Prepared by the World Food Program (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
- The prevalence of under nutrition has increased from 8.4 per cent to about 9.9 per cent. This has increased the challenge of achieving the goal of zero mouthwash in the year 2030.
- In 2020, 22 percent of children under the age of five were stunted, 6.7% were wasted, and 5.7 percent were overweight.
Social Security Systems:
Globally, almost one in three women of reproductive age group in 2019 was still affected by anemia.
Conflict, climate variability and extreme conditions, and economic decline (due to the COVID-19 pandemic) have been factors in the recent increase in hunger and slow progress in reducing all forms of malnutrition.
- Integrate humanitarian aid, development and peace building policies in conflict-affected areas.
- Increasing climate resilience in food systems.
- To tackle poverty and structural inequalities and ensure poor friendly and inclusive interventions.
- Strengthening the food environment and changing consumer behavior to promote a healthy diet pattern.
- Food Security Systems – Transforming food systems to improve food security, nutrition for all, and affordable healthy diets.
- Coordinating food system policies with systems such as environmental, social security, agro-food and health.
Source – The Hindu