The First Cryptogamic Garden in India
Recently, the inaugural program of India’s first ‘Cryptogamic Garden’ was held in Chakrata city of Dehradun in the state of Uttarakhand.
About 50 species of lichens, ferns and fungi will be found in this park. Be aware that lichens, ferns and fungi are collectively known as cryptogemic.
The reason for choosing this place for these species is the favorable environment, low pollution level and humid climatic conditions for the growth of these species.
What are Cryptogams?
The plant kingdom is divided into two sub-kingdoms –
- The cryptogam group consists of ‘seedless plants’ and ‘plant-like organisms’, while the phanerogam group consists of ‘seed-bearing plants’.
- Phanerogams are further divided into 2 classes, namely gymnosperms and angiosperms.
- The term “cryptogame” refers to ‘indirect reproduction’, i.e. these plants do not produce any reproductive structure, seeds or flowers.
- Cryptogam plants, such as algae, lichens, mosses and ferns, reproduce with the help of spores.
Source – The Hindu