Tal Chappar Blackbuck Sanctuary

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Tal Chappar Blackbuck Sanctuary 

  • Recently, the Rajasthan High Court has ordered a “complete prohibition” on any action that reduces the area of Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • The court has given this order for the purpose of protecting the sanctuary.
  • The court has directed to complete the formalities for declaring the area around Tal Chappar as an Ecologically Sensitive Zone (ESZ) at the earliest.
  • The World Wildlife Fund for Nature has also started a major project for the conservation of raptors in this sanctuary spread over an area of 7.19 sq km.

Tal Chhapar Sanctuary

  • This sanctuary is located in the Thar Desert in Rajasthan and some part of the famous Shekhawati region.
  • It was given the status of a sanctuary in the year 1966. Tal Chhapar was a hunting reserve of the erstwhile royal family of Bikaner.
  • Tal is a Rajasthani word, which means flat land.
  • This is the only sanctuary in India where black bucks are found in large numbers. The land of this sanctuary is almost treeless, salty and flat.
  • The sanctuary is home to around 4,000 blackbuck, over 40 species of raptors and over 300 species of endemic and migratory birds.
  • Migratory birds commonly seen here include Harriers, Eastern Imperial Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Little Green Bee-eaters etc.

Black buck

  • The scientific name of blackbuck is ‘Antilope cervicapra’, which is also known as ‘Indian antelope’. It is a species of antelope originally endemic to India and Nepal.
  • They are widely found in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Odisha and other regions (all over peninsular India).
  • It is considered to be the second fastest animal in the world after the cheetah. It is the state animal of Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.
  • It has been placed in Schedule-I under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • It is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN.
  • And under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), it has been placed in Appendix-III.

Eco-sensitive Zone

  • These are areas notified by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change under the Environment Protection Act, 1986.
  • Its basic purpose is to regulate certain activities around national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.

Source – The Hindu

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