Swamitva Scheme

Swamitva Scheme

The report of the Expert Committee on SWAMITVA Scheme in Madhya Pradesh was released recently during the National Conference on SVAMITVA and Rural Planning.

The report provides the guiding principles that the states can adopt to realize the objectives of the SVAMITVA Scheme as a whole.


  • The full form of SVAMITVA is ‘Survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas’.
  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme which was launched at the national level on April 24, 2021, on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day.
  • It aims to provide ‘record of rights’ and issue property cards to the owners of rural houses in rural populated areas.
  • ‘Record of Rights’ is a legal document. It gives details about the plot and its ownership. The scheme has been approved for five years (2020-25).

Objectives of Swamitva Scheme

  • Creating accurate land records for planning for rural areas and reducing property disputes.
  • To ensure financial stability in rural India by making property a financial asset for availing loans.
  • Assist in preparation of Gram Panchayat Development Plan using Geographic Information System (GIS) maps

Recommendations of the report

  • Such systems should be created, which promote transparency in implementation.
  • Adoption of record of rights for availing bank loan should be encouraged.
  • Liaison between different departments should be developed to take fact based decisions related to property tax assessment and collection.
  • As per the ‘Rural Area Development Plan Formulation and Implementation’ (Rural Area Development Plan Formulation and Implementation: RADPFI) guidelines and ‘Independence’ category for planning at the village level.

Progress made so far under SVAMITVA Scheme

  • Property cards have been generated in about 58,000
  • 31 States and Union Territories have signed MoU with Survey of India for the implementation of the scheme.
  • Drone survey work has been completed in 87 lakh villages.

Source – The Hindu

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