Suspension of Operations Agreement: Manipur Government
Recently there has been a violent encounter between security forces and Kuki Independent Army fighters in Manipur. Earlier, the Manipur government had broken the Suspension of Operations (SoO) agreement.
- The agreement was signed by the state government with two tribal insurgent groups operating in the hills, the Kuki National Organization (KNO) and the United People’s Front (UPF).
- Suspension of Operations (SoO) is a tripartite agreement. It was signed in 2008 by the central government, the state government and two umbrella insurgent groups. Its purpose was to start a political dialogue between the three.
Terms of SoO treaty –
- No security force or underground group, including state and central forces, shall launch any operation.
- The signatories of UPF and KNO will abide by the Constitution of India, state laws and the territorial integrity of Manipur.
- The combatant cadres would be confined to designated camps identified by the government.
- The Kuki insurgency intensified in the early 1990s following ethnic conflict with the Nagas of Manipur. The struggle began for an independent Kuki homeland extending into Manipur.
- The main reason for this conflict was that the Kukis claim the land in the Manipur Hills as their homeland. Similarly, this land is also included under the supposed Naga homeland of Greater Nagaland or Nagalim.
- The Kuki organization was initially demanding a separate Kuki state. It has now agreed to set up the ‘Kukiland Regional Council’.
This Council will have financial and administrative powers independent of the Manipur Legislative Assembly and the Government.
Source – The Hindu