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Question – Briefly discuss the positive effects of socio-religious reform movements on Indian society during the British period. – 5 July 2021
After the Charter Act of 1813, British rule started limited intervention for its industrial interests and commercial gains, which later resulted in social and religious reform movements.
Positive impact of socio-religious reform movements on Indian society:
- The interest of people increased in the study of modern education, knowledge, science, philosophy and literature.
- The number of schools and colleges in the country increased.
- The condition of women improved to some extent. The Sati system, child marriage and purdah system declined and their educational status improved.
- The study of the Vedas and the glorification of culture by all reformers further strengthened the sense of freedom and nationalism among Indians.
- These reform movements spread a new awakening throughout the country and led to the development of cultural consciousness.
Due to the development of the socio-religious reform movement in India in the 19th century, every sphere of Indian society observed positive changes i.e. educational, cultural, political, social, religious, and economic.