WHO report highlights significant impact of ‘Har Ghar Jal’

WHO report highlights significant impact of ‘Har Ghar Jal’

According to a report by the World Health Organisation, about 400,000 deaths from diarrheal diseases can be prevented by ensuring safely managed drinking water to all households in the country through the “Har Ghar Jal” programme.

Additionally, approximately 14 million Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) related to these diseases could be averted.

Key Findings of report:

  • This achievement alone would result in estimated cost savings of up to $101 billion. This analysis focuses on diarrheal diseases because water-borne diseases are a major cause.
  • The Har Ghar Jal report focuses on diarrheal diseases because they contribute more to the overall disease burden related to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) problems.
  • The analysis underscores the urgent need to address these diseases and the potential for substantial gains in public health and economic welfare.
  • The analysis underscores the urgent need to address these diseases and the potential for substantial gains in public health and economic welfare.
  • The report shows that in 2018, 36% of India’s total population, including 44% of the rural population, did not have access to improved drinking water sources in their premises.
  • WHO monitors various Sustainable Development Goal indicators, including the proportion of the population using safely managed drinking water services (indicator 6.1.1) and mortality related to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene.
  • WHO has developed methods and tools to estimate the health benefits associated with improvements in water, sanitation and hygiene, in particular reducing diarrheal diseases and other related health outcomes.
  • In 2018, women in India spent an average of 45.5 minutes a day collecting water to meet household needs. In total, households that do not have on-premises water spend a staggering 66.6 million hours each day collecting water, most of which (55.8 million hours) occur in rural areas.
  • Universal coverage through provision of tap water would result in substantial savings by eliminating the need for daily water collection efforts. Rural tap water connections increased from 16.64 per cent in 2019 to 62.84 per cent within a period of 41 months.

Har Ghar Jal Scheme

  • The Har Ghar Jal program implemented by the Jal Jeevan Mission under the Ministry of Jal Shakti was announced by the Prime Minister on August 15, 2019. The objective of the program is to ensure adequate, affordable and regular supply of safe drinking water through taps. Every rural family.
  • The program is in line with Sustainable Development Goal number 6.1 for safely managed drinking water services.
  • The mission aims at provision of potable water supply of prescribed quality in adequate quantity on regular and long-term basis to every rural household in the country by 2024.
  • The program is implemented by the Government of India in partnership with the States/UTs.

Source – PIB

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