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Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit 2022

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Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit 2022

Recently, the Prime Minister has attended the 22nd Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit held in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit 2022

Key findings of SCO Submit-

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organization-Council of Heads of State (SCO-CoHS), has initiated an initiative to expand the membership of the SCO.
  • Iran and Belarus will join as new members under this initiative. Also, Maldives, Bahrain, Myanmar, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait will be given the status of dialogue partner in SCO.
  • SCO-CoHS is the highest decision-making body of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.

Samarkand Manifesto

  • Comprehensive action plan for the year 2023-2027 for friendship and cooperation among SCO member countries was announced.
  • Member states will prepare a single list of terrorist, separatist and extremist groups. This list will include individuals/groups whose activities have been banned in the territories of member countries.
  • Called for a transparent international energy market.
  • There was also a call for reducing existing trade barriers and for a more effective World Trade Organization (WTO).

Important results with respect to India-

  • Varanasi was named as the first SCO tourism and cultural capital at the SCO summit.
  • Uzbekistan handed over the rotating presidency of the SCO to India. India will remain in this post for one year i.e. till September 2023.
  • India will also host the SCO Summit 2023.
  • India will take the initiative to set up a new SCO Working Group on Traditional Medicines and Startups and Innovation.
  • India called upon the SCO members to provide transit access to each other to promote connectivity. This will ensure a flexible supply chain in the region.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

  • SCO is an eight-member economic and security organization. It was established in the year 2001.
  • Its six founding member countries are China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  • India and Pakistan joined as full members in the year 2017.
  • This organization works on the principle of ‘Shanghai Spirit’. This principle includes mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality etc.
  • Its Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) deals with issues related to security and defence.

Source – The Hindu

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