Seaweed park to come up in Tamil Nadu
Recently, the central government will set up a Sea-Weed Park in Tamil Nadu with the status of a Special Economic Zone (SEZ).
The Minister of State for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has announced to set up the country’s first seaweed park in Tamil Nadu. This park will be set up to improve the livelihood of fishermen.
This park will be established under the ‘Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana’. It is to be noted that the government is running a sea-weed mission for commercial cultivation and processing of seaweeds. The mission has been launched by the Technology Information, Forecasting and Evaluation Council (TIFAC).
- Seaweed is a primitive seaweed without flowers. They do not have root, stem and leaves. They play a major role in the marine ecosystem.
- These are red, green, brown and black in different colours. Their size also varies. These extend under water in small to large clusters.
- Large seaweeds form dense forests under water. These are called kelp forests. These act as underwater nurseries for organisms such as fish, snails and sea urchins.
- They are mostly found in the intertidal zone (southern Gulf of Mannar), shallow and deep waters of the sea and estuaries and backwaters.
Significance of seaweeds:
- They are a storehouse of nutrients like iron, zinc, magnesium, riboflavin, thiamine, vitamins A, B, C and K.
- These act as bio-indicators. These help in balancing the ecosystem.
- They also slow down the pace of climate change.
- They are also used as fertilizer. They are also helpful in increasing fish production. These can be buried under the dunes of the seabed to deal with the problem of beach erosion.
- They are used as an ingredient in the preparation of toothpastes, cosmetics and paints.
Source – The Hindu