SATAT Scheme on Compressed Bio Gas (CBG)

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‘SATAT’ scheme on Compressed Bio Gas (CBG)

Recently a Standing Committee of Parliament has submitted a report on review of implementation of Compressed Biogas (CBG) based Sustainable (SATAT) initiative.

The Sustainable Alternatives for Affordable Transportation (SATAT) initiative envisages setting up 5000 innovative Compressed Biogas (CBG) plants.

It aims to produce 15 million metric tonnes (MMT) of CBG per year by 2023–24. The SATAT initiative was launched by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in 2018.

Key Points of the Report

  • CBG projects are not being implemented at the desired rate. So far only 40 CBG plants have been set up.
  • There is a need to provide financial assistance for development of pipeline infrastructure to connect CBG projects to City Gas Distribution (CGD) network.
  • There is a need to set up a Fossil Fuel Infrastructure Fund and a Credit Guarantee Fund to improve access to credit for CBG projects.
  • Public sector enterprises in the oil and gas sector should be motivated to invest in innovative CBG projects.
  • A strong mechanism should be developed for coordination with other ministries and agencies.

Compressed Biogas (CBG)

An enhanced form of biogas: contains more than 90 percent methane and up to 4 percent carbon dioxide. Also, other gases like hydrogen sulphide, oxygen and nitrogen are also present.

Benefits of CBG:

It can generate additional revenue source for farmers, reduce import of natural gas and crude oil, help in mitigating the effects of fluctuating crude oil/gas prices etc.

Source – The Hindu

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