ISRO successfully conducts key rocket engine test for Chandrayaan-3

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ISRO successfully conducts key rocket engine test for Chandrayaan-3

Recently the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has successfully completed the test of the main rocket engine for Chandrayaan-3.

  • The flight acceptance heat test of the CE-20 cryogenic engine has been conducted at ISRO’s Propulsion Complex in Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu.
  • This engine will power the cryogenic upper stage of the LVM3 vehicle that launched the Chandrayaan-3 mission.
  • The cryogenic engine / cryogenic stage is the final stage of a space launch vehicle. It uses propellant at extremely low temperatures.
  • It is more fuel efficient. It provides more thrust per kilogram of propellant burned than solid and Earth-storable liquid propellant rocket stages.
  • Liquid oxygen (LOX) and liquid hydrogen (LH2) are used as propellants in cryogenic engines.

Key components of cryogenic rocket engine:

  • Combustion / Thrust Chamber, Igniter, Fuel Injector, Fuel Cryo Pumps, Oxidizer Cryo Pumps, Gas Turbine, Cryo Valves, Regulators, Fuel Tanks and Rocket Engine Nozzles.
  • Chandrayaan-3 will be launched in late 2023. It is the follow up mission of Chandrayaan-2. It will have end-to-end capability to perform a safe landing on the lunar surface and a rover.
  • Chandrayaan-2 was launched in 2019, while Chandrayaan-1 was launched in 2008.

Source – The Hindu

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