Report on decarbonization targets of transport sector of G-20 countries

Report on decarbonization targets of transport sector of G-20 countries

Recently NITI Aayog has released a report titled “Towards Decarbonizing Transport 2023: A Stocktake on Sectoral Ambitions in G-20”.

This report analyzes the current status of achieving ambitious targets related to decarbonisation and climate action in the transport sector of the G-20 countries.

Decarbonization refers to the removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted from various activities in the atmosphere or the reduction of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.

Key points of the report:

  • India has set a target of net zero emissions by 2070. Despite this, no overall emissions or energy targets have yet been adopted for the transport sector in India.
  • Emissions from the transport-sector in India could increase by 65 percent by 2030 and 197 percent by 2050 compared to 2020 levels.
  • In the transport sector, rail transport has the largest emissions after road transport.

Challenges:

  • More investment is needed to use new technologies and build charging infrastructure;
  • There is a lack of enthusiasm among consumers to adopt low-carbon based transport modes such as electric vehicles etc.

Initiatives taken for decarbonization of transport sector:

  • Bharat Stage VI emission norms have been implemented;
  • NITI Aayog launches platform for decarbonisation of transport sector in India;
  • Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme has been launched under the National Electric Mobility Mission plan etc.

Recommendation:

  • Certified low carbon emission systems should be rapidly expanded.
  • Investment in more energy-efficient modes of transport should be increased.             

Source – NITI Aayog

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