Ram Prasad Bismil
Ram Prasad Bismil
Recently, a special function was organized by the Ministry of Culture in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh on the occasion of birth anniversary of freedom fighter Ram Prasad Bismil.
It is to be known that Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil was born on June 11, 1897 in Murlidhar village of Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
- He is ranked as one of the greatest freedom fighters of India, who till the end of his life resisted the British colonial forces.
- He joined the Arya Samaj founded by DayanandSaraswati in the year 1875. Arya Samaj had a deep impact on him and he also used the pen as a weapon in the fight against the imperialist forces.
- Revolutionary ideas for the country took a big form in his mind when he read about the death sentence given to Indian nationalist and Arya Samaj missionary ‘Bhai Parmanand’.
- At this time he was only 18 years old and at this time he expressed his pain through a poem ‘MeraJanam’.
- He believed that freedom could not be achieved only by violence and bloodshed, thus his views were contrary to Mahatma Gandhi’s ideals of ‘non-violence’.
His Contribution to the Freedom Struggle
- He along with a school teacher ‘GendaLal Dixit’ formed an organization called ‘Matrivedi’.
- Both shared revolutionary ideas and wanted to organize the youth of the country to fight against the British government.
- He was involved in the ‘Mainpuri Conspiracy’ of the year 1918. In this conspiracy, the police had convicted Bismil and some other youths for selling such books which were banned by the British government.
- He published a pamphlet titled ‘DeshwasisKeNaam’, which also included his poem ‘MainpurikiPratigya’. In this sequence, in the year 1925, Ram Prasad Bismil, Chandrashekhar Azad and Ashfaqullah Khan robbed a train at Kakori near Lucknow.
- He was arrested and tried along with HRA members in the same Kakori conspiracy case. This legal process lasted for 18 months. In this ‘Bismil’, AshfaqUllah Khan, RajendraLahiri and Roshan Singh were sentenced to death and other revolutionaries were given life imprisonment.
- Ram Prasad Bismil wrote his autobiography in Lucknow Central Jail, which is considered one of the finest works in Hindi literature. He was hanged on 19 December 1927 in Gorakhpur Jail.
- He was cremated on the banks of river Rapti and later the name of the place was changed to ‘Rajghat’.
Hindustan Republican Association (HRA)
- The ‘Hindustan Republican Association’ was established in the year 1924 and its constitution was mainly prepared by Bismil.
- Ram Prasad Bismil, SachindraNathSanyal and Jadugopal Mukherjee were the prominent founders of the ‘Hindustan Republican Association’.