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Question – Ethics provides exemption from mandatory compliance of following principles like morality, religion, laws and cultural standards. – 9 May
Ethics differs from morality:
Morality is a matter of man, but ethics is a matter of society. The criterion of morality determines the individual himself. That is, personal interest arises in morality. A person’s actions, thoughts or beliefs can be ‘moral’ for a particular person, so what if the actions or thoughts of others are immoral. In other words, a person may consider himself ‘moral’ and does not require the approval of others. On the other hand ethics isrelated to society. Ethics as a social system monitor, regulates, evaluates and guides the behavior of man for hispersonal and social welfare. In other words, it motivates people to assimilate. In such a situation, ethics cannot be limited to the individual.
Ethics differs from religion:
Ethics is related to everyone, but the same cannot be said about religion. A person can be ethical from both an ideal and a behavioral point of view, but it is not necessarily religious either. In other words, even if a person or community is pious, he can still behave in accordance with moral values, ideals and rules. If a normal person calls a deed in his practical life justified, then his moral judgment is not necessarily governed by his religious belief. On the other hand, high moral ideal is an essential part of most religions, but these religions do not ensure the solution of all problems. In fact, the focal point of religion is God, but ethics can be made the basis of religion as a person and an essential part of ethics, but religion cannot be made the basis of ethics because the moral ideal established by one religion can be used by people of other religions hardly accept.
It is not mandatory for ethics to follow law:
Law and ethics is not one, which is not necessarily compatible with the moral ideal, it is also valid from the legal point of view. Again, to violate the liberty of a person is a legal offense, but to think so from the point of view of ethics would be considered as a crime. In fact, the law is a statutory code or a system of “do it, don’t do it” by which human behavior is controlled and directed. It attempts to accommodate high moral standards, but everything that is compatible with the moral ideal may not necessarily be a part of the law. In other words, most of our legal streams concur with moral beliefs. But such laws also prove to be inferior in front of new problems arising from the changing socio-economic context. The moral norm, in fact, precedes normative law while law approves morality. The law is justified by moral standards. Therefore, law ethics and its numerology are also public expressions and cannot be used in place of moral standards in any way.
Ethics does not necessarily follow cultural norms:
Each culture has its own beliefs that form the basis of specific customs and practices. Not all cultures approve of equally high moral ideals. A clear example of this is American and Indian culture. Even though the practice and caste system were adopted in both cultures, but these practices could not be justified in the cultures by adopting moral ideals and beliefs.