Project-75 India (P-75I)
Recently Russia has distanced itself from the Project-75 India (P-75I) submarine project.
Russia says it is difficult to meet the conditions set out in the ‘Request for Proposal’ (RFP) for the construction of six modern submarines under Project-75I.
Earlier Sweden, Germany and France have also pulled out of the project.
- Transfer of technology; stealth technology; State-of-the-art submarines equipped with powerful missiles, etc.
- At the moment, there is no prototype of such a submarine available in the world. It should be noted that these submarines will be manufactured in India only. In case the project is not completed on time, the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) will have to pay a higher penalty.
- This is part of a plan approved in 1999 to build indigenous submarines with technology sourced from foreign firms. These were to be inducted into the Navy by the year 2030.
- It is classified into two phases i.e. P-75 and P-75I.
- The first phase P-75 was signed in the year 2005. Under this, India and France had signed an agreement for the construction of six Schöppen class (diesel-electric) submarines.
- INS Kalvari, INS Khanderi, INS Karanj and INS Vela have been commissioned under P75.
- It is planned to build six conventional submarines in the P-75I stage. These submarines will be equipped with better sensors and weapons and Air Independent Propulsion System (AIP).
- It will boost indigenous design and build capability of submarines in India. Also, the latest submarine designs and technologies will also come to India.
Air Independent Propulsion System (AIP)
- Due to this technology, even a conventional submarine can stay underwater for longer than normal diesel-electric submarines.
- South Korea and Germany have this technology and it is also effective.
Source – The Hindu