Production of First Generation Ethanol

Production of First Generation Ethanol

For the purpose of achieving the blending goals of ethanol with petrol (ethanol blending program), the Department of Food and Public Distribution has made some amendments to the plan previously implemented to provide financial assistance for first generation ethanol production.

Ethanol blending program (First Generation Ethanol): 

Mixing ethanol with petrol will bring it into the biofuel category. This will result in savings of millions of dollars due to reductions in fuel imports and reduction in carbon emissions. Under this, increase ethanol blending by 20% by the year 2025.

Ethanol extraction from food grains:

In the year 2018, the central government had extended the scope of EBP program to extract fuel from surplus quantity of maize, sorghum, fruits, vegetables etc.

Expected benefits:

Income of farmers will increase, employment will increase.

Increased capacity or investment in setting up new furnaces will create new employment opportunities in rural areas.

National Biofuels Policy-2018:

The Policy categories biofuels as “Basic Biofuels” viz., First Generation (1G) bioethanol & biodiesel and “Advanced Biofuels” – Second Generation (2G) ethanol, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to drop-in fuels, Third Generation (3G) biofuels, bio-CNG etc. to enable extension of appropriate financial and fiscal incentives under each category.

Source : PIB

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