Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna – 3.0 (PMKVY)

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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna – 3.0 (PMKVY)

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna – 3.0 (PMKVY) 

Under ‘PradhanMantriKaushalVikasYojna-3.0’, more than 300 skill courses have been introduced to make the youth of India proficient in employment skills.

Important point:

  • The Skill India Mission was launched in the year 2015 by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, under which the Prime Minister’s Skill Development Scheme (PMKVY) has been launched.
  • Its objective is to train more than 40 crore people in India in various skills by the year 2022 and to provide vocational training and certification to Indian youth for better livelihood and respect in society.

PMKVY – 1.0:

  • India’s biggest skills certification scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana was launched on 15 July 2015 (World Youth Skills Day).
  • Its objective is to provide free short-term skill training to the youth and to encourage skill development through monetary rewards.
  • This includes short-term training, special projects, recognition of prior learning, skills and employment fair etc.
  • Under this, 19.85 lakh candidates were trained in the year 2015-16.

PMKVY-2.0 was launched jointly with other Indian government missions such as Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat, etc.


Launched in 717 districts, 28 states / eight union territories, PMKVY-3.0 is an important step towards ‘Self-reliant India’.


  • The scheme envisages providing skill training to eight lakh candidates in the plan period of 2020-2021 with an outlay of Rs 948.90 crore.
  • The National Education Policy 2020 also focuses on vocational training for overall development and employment growth.
  • This will encourage healthy competition among states by giving priority to financial allocation to those states that perform better.



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