Phreatomagmatic Eruption in Taal volcano

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Phreatomagmatic Eruption in Taal Volcano

Recently there was a ‘Phreatomagmatic Eruption’ in the ‘Taal Volcano’ of the Philippines.

Phreatomagmatic eruptions often result from new magma or lava coming into contact with water, this eruption can be quite dangerous.


  • Therefore, after this eruption of ‘Taal Volcano’, the Philippines government has raised the alert level of the volcano to ‘Level-3’ (on a five-level scale).
  • Due to this ‘Phreatomagmatic eruption’, a dark brown plume about one kilometer high was generated in the Philippines.
  • ‘Level-3’ indicates magmatic turbulence, or a state of magma that may increase in future eruptions.
  • Taal Volcano is located 50 km from Manila in the Philippines on ‘Luzon Island’. It should be noted that the Philippines is located on the boundaries of two tectonic plates, the first being the Philippines Sea Plate and the second Eurasian Plate, so it is highly vulnerable to earthquakes and volcanism.
  • ‘This volcano’ is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines, as it is located on the Pacific ‘Ring of Fire’, which is considered to be an area of ​​its intense seismic activity.

Phreatomagmatic eruptions: Water can be from groundwater, hydrothermal systems, surface runoff, a lake, or the ocean.

Other types of volcanic eruptions: Icelandic, Strombolian, Vulcanian, Hawaiian, Pilion and Peenian.


Threats from pyroclastic density currents (e.g., clouds of hot gas, ash and other volcanic debris) and potential hazards of volcanic tsunamis.

Complex Volcano:

  • This volcano has been classified as a ‘complex’ volcano by the ‘Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology’.
  • Complex volcanoes are volcanoes that do not contain just one vent or cone but multiple eruption vent points. Another form of this type of volcano can be seen in Mount Vesuvius, located on the west coast of Italy.
  • Unsurprisingly, ‘Taal Volcano’ has erupted more than thirty times in the last few centuries, its last eruption was in the year

Source – The Hindu

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