Permanent Membership of India and Brazil in UNSC
Recently Russia has supported the claims of India and Brazil for permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
During the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly, the Russian Foreign Minister expressed his support for India’s claims for permanent membership in the UNSC.
Strong side for permanent membership of India in UNSC-
- India has been strictly following the principle of Panchsheel. These principles are based on mutual respect for sovereignty, non-aggression, non-interference, equality and peaceful coexistence.
- India is part of the G20 and is often invited to participate in the G7 as well.
- India has now become the fifth largest economy in the world.
- India is one of the largest military contributors to UN peacekeeping operations.
- India, as a major global power, has been calling for reforms such as inclusion, representation and democratization of international institutions.
UNSC is one of the 6 main organs of the United Nations. It has been established with the primary responsibility of maintaining international peace and security. At present, it has 5 permanent members (United States, United Kingdom, Russia, France and China) and 15 non-permanent members including India. The non-permanent members are elected for a 2-year term.
Groups supporting UNSC reform
- G-4 Nations: This group mainly calls for reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and permanent membership of this body for G-4 members.
- 69 Group: This mainly includes developing countries in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Asia and the Pacific. These countries are united by a common desire to comprehensively reform the United Nations Security Council.
Source – The Hindu