Over 1,000 pangolins poached and trafficked in India

Over 1,000 pangolins poached and trafficked in India

Recently, according to a new report by the World-Wide Fund for Nature-India, more than 1,000 pangolins have been poached and smuggled in India from the year 2018-2022.

Most of the incidents of hunting and confiscation in India took place in Odisha, and it was also from here that most of the pangolins were obtained.

Pangolin | Description

  • Pangolins are one of the most trafficked wild mammals globally.
  • The pangolin is the only mammal that is completely covered with scales. It uses scales to protect itself.
  • It eats ants, termites etc. Hence, it is called scaly anteater. It is a solitary and mainly nocturnal creature.
  • Pangolin is an ecosystem engineer, which helps in soil circulation.
  • Its scales are used in traditional medicines. Also, its meat is also consumed.
  • Out of 8 species of pangolin, two are found in India. Indian Pangolin (Endangered), Chinese Pangolin (Critically Endangered).

Natural Habitat:

  • It is adaptable to a wide range of habitats, including primary and secondary tropical forests, limestone and bamboo forests, grasslands and agricultural areas.
  • The Indian pangolin is found in the Indian subcontinent while the presence of the Chinese pangolin has been observed in Bihar, West Bengal and Assam.

Conservation Status:

  • The Indian pangolin is listed in the Endangered (EN) category in the Red List of animals published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  • While the Chinese pangolin is listed as “critically endangered”.
  • In India, both Indian and Chinese pangolins are protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972, which prohibits their hunting, trade or any other use.
  • All species of pangolins are listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Sourc –  The Hindu

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