New Scheme launched for Chattisgarh Farmers

New Scheme launched for Chattisgarh Farmers Why in News
  • A new Income Support Programme has been launched by the state government of Chattisgarh called “Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyaya Yojana” on the 19th death anniversary of Late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
  • The scheme will cover Rice, Sugarcane and Maize farmers initially  and expand to include other crop producers later on.
  • Under the scheme, the first instalment worth Rs. 1,500 crores, is going to be distributed among 18 lakh farmers of the state, 80% of whose beneficiaries will be small and marginal farmers. The annual cost of the scheme is pegged at Rs.5,700 crores.
  • Rice and Maize producers will be paid Rs.10,000 per acre while Sugarcane producers will get Rs.13,000 per acre. This money will be transferred in 4 installments.
  • The motive behind the scheme is to provide farmers with additional income to increase rural demand. This amount can be re-invested by farmers into farming activities which needs modernization of techniques like increase in irrigational and other supplements. Currently, the farmers engage in agricultural activities for just one cropping season, which can change with the help of benefits received under this scheme.
Addressing Agricultural Distress in India
  • Indian Agriculture witnesses the problem of high fluctuating prices and is under distress from a very long time. Low contribution of this sector to the National G.D.P has been a matter of grave concern for policymakers. Indian agriculture deals with issues like erratic monsoons, collapsing prices of products, a decline in the average size of the farms, fragmented supply chains, and lack of easy credit-with complete absence of private sector, has left the sector in a worrisome state.
  • To help farmers in the agricultural sector, the Indian Government, at Centre and State levels have engaged in providing them additional income support.
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi
  • The additional income support through this scheme is being given to small and marginal farmers, by the Centre.
  • Farmers with landholdings of upto 2 hectares or less,  under this scheme are given assured income support worth Rs.6,000 per year via the Direct Benefit Transfer model.
Ryatu Bandhu Pathakam, Telangana
  • This scheme cover 31 districts of the state of Telangana. The transfer under this scheme is made twice a year, covering 2 agricultural cycles, i.e. Rabi and Kharif seasons.
  • Under the scheme, Rs.4,000 is given to each farmer, per acre.
Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (Kalia) Scheme, Odisha
  • Under the scheme, 10 lakh landless farmers will be provided with Rs. 12,500 to help them take up agricultural activities like goat rearing, fisheries kit, mushroom cultivation and beekeeping etc.
  • Crop loans worth Rs. 50,000 will be provided interest-free to beneficiaries; all farmers will be provided Rs. 10,000 per family for cultivation.
  • The families under the scheme will be given amount Rs.5000 in two installment, i.e one in the Kharif season or on Akshaya Tritiya and the other in the Rabi season or on the day of Nuakhai. The scheme will be implemented for 6 cropping seasons between 2018-19 and 2021-22.
Source – The Hindu

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