National Green Tribunal (NGT) bench in each state
Recently, the Supreme Court has asked the central government to consider setting up of National Green Tribunal (NGT) benches in each state.
- The Supreme Court is hearing a petition challenging certain provisions of the NGT Act, 2010. Some provisions of the NGT Act have been challenged in the petition.
- The power to establish a special bench of the NGT is vested in the central government, and the only appellate forum against the order of the NGT is the Supreme Court.
- The Supreme Court stressed that keeping in view the principle of access to justice as well as the idea of protecting the environment; the central government can set up more regional benches of the NGT.
- Presently, five benches of NGT have been established in five zones – North, Central, East, South and West.
- The principal bench of the NGT is located in the North Zone, with its headquarters at Delhi.
Advantages of more regional benches:
- This will reduce the workload of the existing benches.
- Due to this more number of people will be motivated to protect the environment.
- This will make it easier for citizens to get environmental justice.
National Green Tribunal (NGT)
- The NGT was established under the “National Green Tribunal Act, 2010”.
- It is a statutory and quasi-judicial body.
- It aims at effective and speedy disposal of cases related to environmental protection.
- It is not bound by the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 or the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.
- It disposes of cases keeping in mind the principles of natural justice.
Jurisdiction of NGT:
It hears civil matters under seven laws relating to the environment.
The following are these seven laws:
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977
- Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
- Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
- Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
- Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
- Biodiversity Act, 2002
Source – The Hindu