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National Green Tribunal (NGT) bench in each state

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National Green Tribunal (NGT) bench in each state

Recently, the Supreme Court has asked the central government to consider setting up of National Green Tribunal (NGT) benches in each state.

  • The Supreme Court is hearing a petition challenging certain provisions of the NGT Act, 2010. Some provisions of the NGT Act have been challenged in the petition.
  • The power to establish a special bench of the NGT is vested in the central government, and the only appellate forum against the order of the NGT is the Supreme Court.
  • The Supreme Court stressed that keeping in view the principle of access to justice as well as the idea of ​​protecting the environment; the central government can set up more regional benches of the NGT.
  • Presently, five benches of NGT have been established in five zones – North, Central, East, South and West.
  • The principal bench of the NGT is located in the North Zone, with its headquarters at Delhi.

Advantages of more regional benches:

  • This will reduce the workload of the existing benches.
  • Due to this more number of people will be motivated to protect the environment.
  • This will make it easier for citizens to get environmental justice.

National Green Tribunal (NGT)

  • The NGT was established under the “National Green Tribunal Act, 2010”.
  • It is a statutory and quasi-judicial body.
  • It aims at effective and speedy disposal of cases related to environmental protection.
  • It is not bound by the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 or the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.
  • It disposes of cases keeping in mind the principles of natural justice.

Jurisdiction of NGT:

It hears civil matters under seven laws relating to the environment.

The following are these seven laws:

  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977
  • Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
  • Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  • Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
  • Biodiversity Act, 2002

Source – The Hindu

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