National Food Security Act (NFSA) Eligibility Determination

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National Food Security Act (NFSA) Eligibility Determination

Recently the Central Government has clarified before the Supreme Court that the per capita income in real terms has increased by 33.4% in 8 years of implementation of the National Food Security Act (NFSA).

The Supreme Court has asked the Center to undertake a massive drive to redefine the beneficiaries of the NFSA, 2013, in rural and urban areas.

The central government has tried to highlight that households are less destitute by citing an increase in per capita income.

National Food Security Act (NFSA)

  • The National Food Security Act was notified on 10 September 2013.
  • Its objective is to provide food and nutritional security to the people by making them available in adequate quantity of good quality food grains at affordable prices to lead a life of dignity.


  • Providing subsidized food grains to 75 percent of the rural population and 50 percent of the urban population under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).
  • The population figures are based on the 2011 census.
  • The National Food Security Act (NFSA) as a whole covers 67 per cent of the total population of the country.
  • The Central Government sets the criteria for identification of beneficiaries. Pursuant to this the States/UTs identify the beneficiaries.
  • The onus of inclusion and exclusion of beneficiaries also rests with the State Governments/Union Territories.


  • Priority households covered under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), as per the guidelines of the State Government.

There are two categories of beneficiaries:

  • Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) beneficiaries and Priority Household (PHH) beneficiaries.
  • Each person in the PHH category is entitled to receive 5 kg of food grains per month. At the same time, each family eligible for AAY gets 35 kg of food grains per month.
  • The eldest female member (18 years or more) of the beneficiary household is considered as the ‘Head of the Household’ for the purpose of issue of ration card.
  • It also provides for reforms in the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), including schemes such as cash transfers.

Source – The Hindu

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