NASA’s Artemis-1 launch to the Moon

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NASA’s Artemis-1 launch to the Moon

  • Recently NASA has launched Artemis-1 on Moon after 50 years of Apollo mission. Artemis-1 will be the first integrated test of NASA’s deep space exploration systems.
  • These systems include the Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket.
  • It is the first in a series of complex missions planned in preparation for sending humans to the Moon and Mars.

Objectives of Artemis 1

  • To demonstrate that Orion’s heat shield can withstand high speeds and high temperatures when returning through Earth’s atmosphere.
  • The radiation-rich environment of deep space will be studied for missions to the Moon and beyond.
  • Recovering Orion after splashdown. With this, engineers will be able to get information for future missions.
  • Flight test objectives such as validation of Orion’s optical navigation system, placement of CubeSats (miniature satellites), etc. will be accomplished.
  • Artemis-2: It is planned to be launched in the year 2024. It will be a manned mission. This vehicle will orbit the Moon, but will not land on its surface.
  • Artemis-3: It is planned to be launched in the year 2026. Under this, the manned spacecraft will land on the south pole of the Moon.

Other Lunar Exploration Missions

  • Luna 2: It was the first spacecraft to land on the Moon. This spacecraft was launched by the former Soviet Union (USSR).
  • Apollo 11: It was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. This was the mission of the United States of America.
  • Chandrayaan 1: It was launched in the year 2008 by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

Source – The Hindu

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