Naga peace process after 25 years of signing ceasefire
Recently, 25 years of Indo-Naga ceasefire agreement have been completed.
The ceasefire agreement between the Government of India and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah) came into effect on August 1, 1997.
After several rounds of talks, a “Framework Agreement” was signed with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM) in 2015.
However, the peace process has apparently failed to move forward due to disagreements between the two sides over the Naga flag and the Yehzabo (Naga constitution). The NSCN-IM has insisted that both the subjects were included in the Framework Agreement.
Nagaland Issues –
- The Nagas are domiciled in the northeastern region of India and parts of neighboring Myanmar. It is a community with more than 60 tribes.
- Since independence, Naga groups have been demanding separation from the Indian Union, claiming their special identity.
- Nagaland was declared an independent state on 14 August 1947 by the Naga National Council (NNC).
- The National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) was formed in the year 1980 by splitting from the NNC.
- In the year 1988, NSCN again split into NSCN (IM) led by Isaac and Muivah and NSCN (K) led by Khaplang.
- NSCN (IM) is demanding ‘Greater Nagalim’. This would include “all contiguous Naga-populated areas” along with parts of Nagaland and Myanmar.
Source – The Hindu