Monsoon session may start in July
Recently, in a statement by the government, it was said that, this year the monsoon session of Parliament is likely to be started on the scheduled time in July.
It may be noted that on March 25th, the last session of Parliament was terminated indefinitely, reducing the duration.
However, according to the constitution, the next session is mandatory to be held within a period of 6 months and this period is ending on 14 September.
- Due to the Covid pandemic that came in March last year, the duration of all the three sessions of Parliament was curtailed. The first session in these was the budget session of the year The timing of the winter session of the year 2020 was also reduced and the monsoon session which started in July started in September last year.
- According to Article 85 of the Indian Constitution, there should not be a gap of more than 6 months between two sessions of the Parliament.
- However, it has not been made clear in the constitution that when and for how many days the sessions of Parliament should be held.
- However, according to Article 85, the President has the power to summon each House of Parliament from time to time to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit. In this way, a session of Parliament can be held on the recommendation of the government and the date and duration of the session is decided by the government itself.
- A sitting can be suspended for a certain period of time, up to a certain number of hours, days or weeks, by the adjournment of Parliament.
- The prorogation of Parliament ends not only the sitting but also the session of the House. Prorogation is done through the President. The time between the prorogation and the reassembly of the session is called the recess. Prorogation means the end of the session, not the dissolution.
- Be aware that these rules are in the case of Lok Sabha as Rajya Sabha is not dissolved.
- Quorum is the minimum number of members. The business of the House can be transacted on the presence of a quorum. The quorum is mainly one tenth of the total members in each house including the presiding officer. That is, to do any work, it is necessary to have at least 55 members in the Lok Sabha and at least 25 in the Rajya Sabha.
Significance of Parliamentary Session:
- The work of law-making i.e. law making is done during the parliamentary session itself.
- Moreover, a thorough inquiry into the working of the government and discussion on national issues can be done only during the ongoing session of both the houses of the Parliament.
- For a well functioning democracy, parliamentary functioning must be predictable.
Source : Indian Express