Mitochondrial Diseases

Mitochondrial Diseases

Why in news ?

A recent study has revealed that about a quarter of mitochondrial disease patients suffer from malnutrition.Mitochondrial Diseases

What is mitochondria?

  • Mitochondria – They are membrane-bound cell organelles that are the powerhouses of the cells as they generate the energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions.
  • Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

What is Mitochondrial Donation Treatment?

  • Mitochondrial donation treatment is also known as mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT).
  • Advanced in-vitro fertilization technique is used for mitochondrial donation treatment.
  • The baby’s biological father’s sperm was used to fertilise the eggs from the biological mother, who has a mitochondrial disease, and a third, female donor with clear mitochondria, separately.

Treatment:

  • There are no cures for these diseases, but treatments may help with symptoms and slow down the disease.
  • They may include physical therapy, vitamins and supplements, special diets, and medicines.

Source – The Hindu

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