Recently the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has released the Mid Year Trends 2021 report.
The report provides a brief overview of the displacement trend in the first half of 2021.
Key Points Mid Year Trends 2021 :
- Global forced displacement exceeded 84 million by mid-2021. Of them, 42 percent were adolescents under the age of 18.
- The main reasons are persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations and incidents seriously affecting public order.
- Conflict and violence around the world have forced some 51 million people to emigrate to their own countries. Most of the displacement has taken place in Africa.
- The number of refugees also continued to rise during the first half of the year, reaching around 21 million.
Most of the new refugees are from only five countries:
- Central African Republic, South Sudan, Syria, Afghanistan, Nigeria.
Developing countries provide asylum to 85 percent of the world’s refugees. Turkey shelters the most refugees. It is followed by Colombia.
The humanitarian plight of the displaced is compounded by a deadly mix of conflict, COVID-19, poverty, food insecurity and the climate emergency.
Source – The Hindu