Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC)

Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC)

During the recent CoP-27 conference, India has joined the ‘Mangrove Alliance for Climate’ (MAC) initiative.

  • MAC has been launched by UAE in partnership with Indonesia. Its goal is to increase and accelerate the conservation and restoration of mangrove forests.
  • Australia, Japan, Spain and Sri Lanka are other members of the initiative.
  • Mangroves act as a nature based solution to tackle climate change. The aim of this initiative is to raise awareness about this role of mangroves.

Mangroves-

  • Mangroves are salt-tolerant plants. These develop at the transition sites between the marine and terrestrial environment.
  • They are found in tropical and subtropical inter-tidal regions.
  • The favorable conditions for their growth are: high rainfall: between 1,000 and 3,000 mm, temperature: between 26 °C and 35 °C, and still water with sufficient sediment to stabilize the roots.
  • Mangroves provide a variety of ecosystem services.

Initiatives for the conservation of mangroves –

  • A Central Sector Scheme has been launched under the National Coastal Mission Program on Conservation and Management of Mangroves and Coral Reefs.
  • Regulatory measures are being implemented by notifying Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ).
  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project has been taken up for the coastal parts of Gujarat, Odisha and West Bengal.

Source – The Hindu

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