Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC)
During the recent CoP-27 conference, India has joined the ‘Mangrove Alliance for Climate’ (MAC) initiative.
- MAC has been launched by UAE in partnership with Indonesia. Its goal is to increase and accelerate the conservation and restoration of mangrove forests.
- Australia, Japan, Spain and Sri Lanka are other members of the initiative.
- Mangroves act as a nature based solution to tackle climate change. The aim of this initiative is to raise awareness about this role of mangroves.
- Mangroves are salt-tolerant plants. These develop at the transition sites between the marine and terrestrial environment.
- They are found in tropical and subtropical inter-tidal regions.
- The favorable conditions for their growth are: high rainfall: between 1,000 and 3,000 mm, temperature: between 26 °C and 35 °C, and still water with sufficient sediment to stabilize the roots.
- Mangroves provide a variety of ecosystem services.
Initiatives for the conservation of mangroves –
- A Central Sector Scheme has been launched under the National Coastal Mission Program on Conservation and Management of Mangroves and Coral Reefs.
- Regulatory measures are being implemented by notifying Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ).
- Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project has been taken up for the coastal parts of Gujarat, Odisha and West Bengal.
Source – The Hindu