Living Planet Report 2022
Recently the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has released the ‘Living Planet Report 2022’ titled, “Building a Nature-Positive Society”.
This report is released every two years.
This report measures how species are responding to increasing environmental pressures due to loss of biodiversity and climate change.
Key findings of report-
- In the past 50 years, there has been a 69 percent decline in the population of mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish found in forests around the world.
- The greatest declines have been recorded in the Latin America and Caribbean regions.
- The largest decline in the population of freshwater species has been recorded. Their population declined by an average of 83% between 1970 and 2018.
- About 50% of the warm water corals (coral) have already been exhausted. It is estimated that a 1.5 °C rise in warming will kill 70–90% of warm water corals.
Key suggestions –
- Trade, Development and Environment Hub (TRADE Hub) has been mentioned in the report. It is a multinational and interdisciplinary collaboration.
- It seeks to understand international trading systems and their social and environmental impacts.
- Diversification in food production (particularly cropping and animal husbandry systems) has been recommended. Natural resource supply chains have a huge impact on nature and people. In this context the urgent need to pay special attention to their sustainability is underlined.
- It is suggested to adopt a cross-sectoral and integrated approach to promote solutions with co-benefits.
- On the other hand, it is advisable to avoid solutions that create conflicts between biodiversity, climate and other sustainable development goals.
The Living Planet Index (LPI) has also been published in this report. The LPI measures the state of the world’s biological diversity. This measurement is based on population trends of vertebrate species in terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats.
The LPI has been adopted by the Convention on Biodiversity as an indicator of progress towards its 2011-2020 goals. It can play an important role in monitoring progress towards the post-2020 targets.
WWF is an international non-governmental organization established in the year 1961. It’s headquarter is in Gland (Switzerland).
Source – The Hindu