‘Key Concerns’ on Afghanistan: UNSC Resolution

‘Key Concerns’ on Afghanistan: UNSC Resolution

Recently the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has addressed ‘key concerns’ on Afghanistan’s resolution.

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) chaired by India has adopted UNSC resolution 2593. 13 members voted in favor of the resolution, which was sponsored by France, the United Kingdom and the United States, and none voted against it.

Russia and China abstained from voting. According to him, certain groups, notably the Islamic State (ISIL) and the East Uyghurs Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM), are not specifically named in the document.

Key points of the resolution:

  • Afghan territory must not be used to threaten or attack any country or to harbor and train terrorists and to plan or finance terrorist attacks.
  • It specifically mentions terrorists designated by UNSC Resolution 1267, which include Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JAM). Although the Taliban has been mentioned several times in the resolution, it has not been condemned.
  • India has played an active role in getting the resolution passed. This created international pressure on state agencies in Afghanistan and in particular highlighted the role of Lashkar and JeM.
  • India began its biennial term (India’s eighth term) as a non-permanent member of the UNSC in January 2021. India was the chair of the UNSC for a month (August).

Permanent Member, Veto Power

  • China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Non-permanent member, two-year term (10)

  • Africa (3); Asia (2); Latin America (2); Western Europe and others (2); Eastern Europe (1)

The primary responsibility of the United Nations Security Council is to maintain international peace and security. It is the only organ of the United Nations that has decision-making power and member states are bound to implement.

Source – The Hindu

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