Jagadguru Basaveshwara (Basava) Jayanti

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Jagadguru Basaveshwara (Basava) Jayanti

  • Recently, on the occasion of Jagadguru Basaveshwara (Basava) Jayanti, the Indian Prime Minister has paid tribute to him.
  • Be aware that in 2015, the statue of Basaveshwara was unveiled by the Prime Minister on the banks of the River Thames in London.

Introduction

  • Basaveshwar, a 12th-century Indian philosopher, politician and social reformer, was born in 1131 AD in Karnataka.
  • He was primarily a Hindu Shaivite social reformer during the reign of the KalyaniChalukya / Kalachuri dynasty. He contributed to the Bhakti movement as a ‘Lingayat Saint’.
  • The Lingayat community, which worships Shiva as the only deity, is a Hindu sect in India. Its special effect is seen in South India.
  • They are also known as ‘Bhakti Bhandari’ (literally ‘Treasurer of Devotion’) or Basaveshwara (Lord Basava). He died in 1167

Basavanna’s Contribution

  • Basavanna’s major preaching poems are compiled in the form of ‘Vachana’. Through these, he spread social awareness.
  • Important Vachana such as the Shat-sthala-vachana, Kala-jnana-vachana, Mantra-gopya, Ghatachakra-vachana and Raja-yoga-vachana are included by Basavanna itself.
  • His main movement was the Sharana movement, in which Basavanna, taught the common mans how to live happily in a rational social order like Gautama Buddha.
  • The Sharana movement attracted people of all castes and, like most forms of the Bhakti movement, significant literature and oracles were composed under it.
  • His compositions paved the way for many ‘Veerashaiva saints’. The AnubhavMandap established by Basavanna laid the foundation of social democracy.
  • He believed that man becomes great not by his birth, but by his conduct in society. He emphasized on maintaining the dignity of manual labor while underlining ‘work’ as worship.

Source – PIB

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