Second part of IPCC Sixth Assessment Report released
Recently IPCC released the second part of its Sixth Assessment Report. The title of this report is “Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability”. This report has been released by the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
This report reviews the vulnerabilities, capabilities and limitations of nature and human society to adapt to climate change.
The IPCC is a body of the United Nations. It was established in 1988 by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Key findings of this report:
- The adverse effects of climate change are far more widespread, regular and much more devastating than previously estimated.
- South Asia, including India, is among the most vulnerable regions. Also, the potential for severe water crisis in the Ganga ecosystem basin by 2050 is projected.
- The climate crisis has already caused some irreversible changes.
This includes the following:
- mass death of organisms at sites and in the oceans,
- The first case of extinction of a species due to anthropogenic climate change, and increased incidence of death and disease due to extreme heat.
- At least half of the world’s population lives in areas most vulnerable to climate crisis.
- The climate crisis has negatively affected people’s physical and mental health
- Diseases like diarrhea had been controlled globally. However, the higher the temperature, the higher the
- The increasing incidence of rainfall and floods has again increased the outbreak of diseases like diarrhea.
- This report suggests the adoption of ecosystem-based adaptation and nature-based approaches.
Adopting alternatives such as green infrastructure, and synergizing adaptation and mitigation efforts.
Source – The Hindu