Second part of IPCC Sixth Assessment Report released

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Second part of IPCC Sixth Assessment Report released

Recently IPCC released the second part of its Sixth Assessment Report. The title of this report is “Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability”. This report has been released by the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

This report reviews the vulnerabilities, capabilities and limitations of nature and human society to adapt to climate change.

The IPCC is a body of the United Nations. It was established in 1988 by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

Key findings of this report:

  • The adverse effects of climate change are far more widespread, regular and much more devastating than previously estimated.
  • South Asia, including India, is among the most vulnerable regions. Also, the potential for severe water crisis in the Ganga ecosystem basin by 2050 is projected.
  • The climate crisis has already caused some irreversible changes.

This includes the following:

  • mass death of organisms at sites and in the oceans,
  • The first case of extinction of a species due to anthropogenic climate change, and increased incidence of death and disease due to extreme heat.
  • At least half of the world’s population lives in areas most vulnerable to climate crisis.
  • The climate crisis has negatively affected people’s physical and mental health
  • Diseases like diarrhea had been controlled globally. However, the higher the temperature, the higher the
  • The increasing incidence of rainfall and floods has again increased the outbreak of diseases like diarrhea.
  • This report suggests the adoption of ecosystem-based adaptation and nature-based approaches.

Recommendation

Adopting alternatives such as green infrastructure, and synergizing adaptation and mitigation efforts.

Source – The Hindu

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