International Tiger Day 2022

International Tiger Day 2022

Recently, the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has clarified that no new construction will be allowed in the core areas of the Tiger Reserve.

This decision was taken during the 21st meeting of NTCA on the occasion of World Tiger Day on July 29, 2022.

International Tiger Day 2022

Important decisions of the meeting-

  • The core areas shall be reserved only for the breeding and breeding of tigers and other wildlife.
  • With more emphasis on technology, better efforts will be made for inclusive infrastructure development. Apart from this, diversification of tourism will also be promoted in coordination with wildlife conservation.

importance of tiger conservation

  • Tigers help to maintain a balance between herbivores and flora.
  • These are indicators of the well being of the ecosystem.
  • Maintain harmony in the Earth’s ecosystem.

Steps taken for conservation of tiger

  • Project Tiger was started in the year 1973 for in-situ conservation.
  • Conservation Assured Tiger Standard (CAITS) norms have been set. These criteria allow tiger sites to be examined to see whether their management measures will protect tigers.
  • Global Tiger Forum and World Wildlife Fund are partners of the National Tiger Conservation Authority in India to implement the CAITS assessment.

Challenges of tiger conservation

  • According to the Tiger Status Report (2018), one out of every three tigers in India lives outside tiger reserve areas. This is increasing human-wildlife conflict.
  • The habitat of tigers is being damaged due to anthropogenic activities.
  • Planning for relocation of tigers elsewhere is a complex process. There is a change in the ecology of the habitat.
  • According to the All India Tiger Estimates released in the year 2019, there are now 2,967 tigers in India.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest number of tigers. It is followed by Karnataka and Uttarakhand.

Status of tiger conservation

  • The tiger is placed in the Endangered Category of the IUCN.
  • It is listed in Schedule-I under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Along with this, listed in Appendix-1 under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Source – The Hindu

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