Recently the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has granted observer status to the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
Granting this status will help in establishing a clearly defined cooperation between ISA and the United Nations.
This will benefit the growth and development of global energy.
It will also provide the ISA the option of setting up a permanent office at the United Nations Headquarters (New York).
About UN observer status –
- For the first time, the status of permanent observer was granted to the Swiss government in the year 1946. After this, observer status was given to many regional and international organizations by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
- Other supervisors include; Non-member states (such as the Holy See), intergovernmental and other organizations (for example ISA by resolution 76/123) and specialized agencies such as the Agriculture and Food Organization (FAO), etc.
- ISA is an intergovernmental treaty based international organization (secretariat: Gurugram). It was jointly launched by India and France at the Paris Climate Conference, 2015 (COP21 of UNFCCC).
- It serves as a collaborative platform for increased deployment of solar energy technologies. Its purpose is to ensure energy access and debt security in its member countries, and to promote energy transition.
- It has a total of 101 signatories (US as the last signatory). Of this, 80 signatories have ratified the ISA Framework Agreement.
Relevance of ISA for India
Promoting innovative solutions to achieve the Net Zero target, such as:
Solar Compass: To enhance understanding and research regarding the use of solar energy.
One sun one world one grid (OSOWOG) to create a global system of interconnected renewable energy resources.
It ushered in a new era of “Green Energy Diplomacy”, based on the Indian ethos of equity.
For example: Launch of the Global Energy Alliance for Peoples and Planets (GEAPP) at COP26 for Least Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States.
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