International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples 2022
Recently, August 9 has been celebrated as the ‘International Day of Indigenous Peoples’ of the world (World Tribal Day 2022).
Its purpose is to celebrate ‘World Indigenous Day’ to highlight the role of indigenous people and their rights, communities and the importance of preserving the knowledge accumulated and carried forward over the centuries.
This year the theme was: “The Role of Indigenous Women in the Preservation and Transmission of Traditional Knowledge“.
It may be noted that in the year 1994, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution, in which ‘9 August’ was declared as the ‘International Day of Indigenous Peoples’ of the world, because, on 9 August, Indigenous / Aboriginal people The United Nations Working Group on Population held its first meeting.
Status of Tribes in India:
The tribal population is 8.6% (or 110 million) of the total population, which is the second largest number of tribal people of any country in the world. Of these, 89.97% live in rural areas and 10.03% in urban areas.
According to Lokur Committee (1965), the essential characteristics are: Indication of Primitive Traits, Distinctive Culture, Shyness of Contact with the Community at Large, Geographical Isolation and Backwardness.
Constitution: The Constitution of India does not define the word ‘Tribe’, however, the word Scheduled Tribe was added to the Constitution through Article 342(i).
Source – The Hindu