India – United States Relations

India – United States Relations

Recently India and America have agreed on a roadmap for cooperation in the field of defense industry. The new roadmap will accelerate technology collaboration and co-production in the following:

  • Air combat and ground transportation systems;
  • Intelligence gathering, surveillance and reconnaissance activities and undersea operations.

Key Facts:

  • India and the US have agreed to start discussions for a ‘Security of Supply’ (SOS) arrangement, and a ‘Reciprocal Defense Procurement (RDP) agreement. (SoS: This arrangement allows companies in any country to request priority delivery for contracts, subcontracts or orders.)
  • RPD Under this, the partners agree to the complementary acquisition of defense equipment from each other’s country.
  • Both sides have agreed to launch a proposed new initiative called the India US Defense Acceleration Ecosystem (NDUS-X).
  • This initiative will promote cutting edge technology collaboration.
  • The US has welcomed India’s leadership role in the Quad Indo-Pacific Maritime Domain Awareness Initiative (IPMDA).

India has signed the following four basic defense agreements with the US-

  1. General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) in the year 2002 on the exchange of military information.
  2. Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) to use each other’s military bases in the year 2016.
  3. Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) in the year 2018 for interoperability between the two armies and sale of high-end technology to India.
  4. Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) in the year 2020 for sharing of high level military technology, logistics and geospatial maps.

IPMDA

Indo-Pacific Partnership for Maritime Domain Awareness (IPMDA)

  • The US had announced IPMDA in 2022. It is an initiative launched with regional partners and allies to promote a free and open Pacific region.
  • Its goal is to connect regional partners and allies with American technologies to provide greater maritime situational awareness in real-time.

Source – The Hindu

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