India to have nine nuclear reactors by 2024

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According to a recently released report, India will have nine nuclear reactors by the year 2024.

In addition, administrative and financial approvals have been given to 12 other nuclear power reactors. At present 22 reactors with a total capacity of 6780 MW are operational.

Nuclear reactors produce electricity through nuclear fission. Nuclear fission is a reaction in which the nucleus of an atom splits into two or more smaller nuclei, releasing energy.

Uranium and plutonium are most commonly used for fission reactors.

Benefits:

These nuclear reactors do not emit any polluting gases. These are characterized by low fuel cost, long working life of power stations etc.

Shortfall:

  • Its wastes are radioactive in nature and their safe disposal is very complex and costly. The cost to manufacture and safely stop using is very high. In these large-scale accidents can prove to be disastrous.
  • Steps taken to enable setting up of nuclear power reactors in the country – Issues relating to Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010 are being addressed. Additionally, the Indian Nuclear Insurance Pool is being created. The Atomic Energy Act, 1962 has been amended to enable joint ventures of public sector companies to set up nuclear power projects.
  • Enabling agreements with foreign countries for nuclear energy cooperation including fuel supply.

Source – The Hindu

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