India successfully test fired nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-5
- Recently the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) has established A.O. located on the Odisha coast. PJ Night trials of Agni-5 nuclear-capable ballistic missile have been successfully conducted from Abdul Kalam Island.
- SFC is a core formation of all the three services. It manages and administers all strategic assets. It comes under the purview of the Nuclear Command Authority (NCA).
- The NCA has two councils – the Political Council headed by the Prime Minister and the Executive Council headed by the National Security Advisor.
- Agni-5 is a nuclear capable surface-to-surface advanced ballistic missile. It has been indigenously developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO).
- The Agni-V uses a three-stage solid fueled engine. It is a fire and forget missile, which cannot be intercepted without an interceptor missile.
- 5000 km in the missile. It has the capability to penetrate targets beyond the range and is important for India’s self-defense systems.
- It has been developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP)
- The idea of its establishment came from the famous scientist Dr.A. PJ Posted by Abdul Kalam. Its objective was to achieve self-reliance in the field of missile technology.
- Five missile systems have been approved for development under this program keeping in view the requirements of different types of missiles of the defense forces. It was started in the year 1983 and completed in March 2012.
- Five missiles have been developed under IGMDP.
These Missiles are
- Prithvi – Short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile.
- Agni – surface-to-surface medium-range ballistic missile.
- Trishul – Short-range surface-to-air missile.
- Nag – Third generation anti-tank missile.
- Akash – Surface-to-air medium-range missile.
Source – The Hindu